Ensure technology reflects human values and corrects for unconscious bias
Alan Turing Institute – Identifying and Eliminating Algorithmic Bias
The Alan Turing Institute has developed methods to identify and eliminate algorithmic bias. Businesses and institutions use machine learning techniques to make sensitive decisions and predictions about people, like whether to grant someone a low-interest loan or estimating how likely a person with a criminal conviction may be to re-offend. A team of researchers from the Alan Turing Institute have published new research proposing methods to analyse the fairness of such algorithms and see whether they contain hidden discrimination. The team combined two branches of research in machine learning, using techniques from causal inference to analyse fairness. They call this approach “counterfactual fairness.” Turing researchers argue that algorithmic fairness must address the underlying causal factors behind historical unfairness in the data. This is lacking from previous research in this field and in the way many existing algorithms have been crafted.
Mozilla – Committed to the Internet as a Public Resource
Mozilla is committed to developing the Internet as a resource that benefits everyone. Since the creation of the Mozilla Foundation, Mozilla has been committed to promoting openness, innovation and opportunity on the Internet. This includes strong protection for individuals’ privacy and security, but also the promotion of openness, interoperability and transparency. Mozilla actively works to protect users’ personal information, for example, the Firefox browser has strong user tracking protections that allow people to limit data extracted from their browsing activities. The Firefox Focus privacy browser further minimises the ability of third parties to track user’s browsing activity with default protection against cookies and trackers and automatic erasure of browsing history. Mozilla also launched the Internet Health Report, an open source initiative to explain and report on what’s happening to the largest global resource. All Mozilla’s software is open source, meaning that other organisations are able to access the underlying code and use it to develop their own products.
The Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence – Developing Ethical AI
The Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence is a research centre that explores the opportunities and challenges posed to humanity by the development of AI. Created by Cambridge University with links the University of Oxford, Imperial College London, and the University of California, Berkeley, the Centre’s mission is to build a new interdisciplinary community of researchers, with strong links to technologists and the policy world, and a clear practical goal: to work together to ensure that humans make the best of the opportunities of artificial intelligence as it develops.
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