Measuring and Reporting Circular Economy in Business

This report sets out indicators for the effective measuring and reporting of circular economy in business.

This report sets out indicators for the effective measuring and reporting of circular economy in business.

While environmental, social and governance (ESG) reporting is rapidly becoming a mainstream practice for corporate UK1, there is not yet a clear approach for businesses to report on resource use or progress in the transition to a circular economy. Several metrics and frameworks exist, but these are designed to perform different functions and therefore use a wide range of indicators. This makes consistent measuring and reporting circular economy difficult for businesses, and harder still for investors to direct money towards the most successful circular opportunities.

Many businesses are either unaware of or are overwhelmed by the complexity of metrics which deal with holistic circularity. Instead, they report against the familiar key performance indicators (KPI) of waste generated and recycling rates. However, these KPIs fail to measure true circularity in a credible way and can even be counterproductive.

Business in the Community (BITC) has undertaken a review of measuring and reporting circular economy frameworks. We have also gathered insights from member businesses on this topic which are presented in this report. The result is a set of circular economy KPIs, derived from established metric frameworks. BITC recommends that companies adopt these at scale. The result will be consistent organisational circular economy measurement and reporting.

About Business in the Community’s circular economy campaign

BITC is innovating towards a circular economy to sustain and repair the planet. To cut carbon emissions and reduce pressure on nature, businesses must embrace circular economy solutions.

We work with businesses along a set of key-value chains to solve problems collaboratively and enable circularity. By 2023 our ambition is to equip 60 businesses with the skills and knowledge to adopt circular principles in their procurement, increasing the demand for circular solutions.

Our circular economy campaign is steered by our Circular Economy Taskforce. This is a group of chief executive officers (CEOs) and other senior executives delivering a high-impact programme bringing the circular economy to life.

If you are a BITC member and you would like to join the Taskforce and help steer our work, speak to your Relationship Manager. Log in to MyBITC to find their contact details if you do not have them.

If you are not a BITC member contact Maya de Souza, Circular Economy Campaign Director at BITC to learn more.


  1. Cadwalader Wickersham & Taft LLP (2022), 2022 and Beyond – The Rise of ESG in the UK and Europe, Lexology.